|Inside the Rafflesia|
Scientific Name -- Rafflesia arnoldii
|Indonesian Rainforest, Sumatra|
Colors -- Red & Yellow
This plant is called Rafflesia, this is a very uncommon plant and currently it is on the endangered list. Rafflesias are the single flowers, which means that they consist of only one flower and not many flowers combined. There are about 28 different species of Rafflesia, however Rafflesia can only be found in Southeastern Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Philippines, and Gungnung Gading National Park which is located in Sarawak, Malaysia. It usually grows in rainforests or even the slopes or mountains. Rafflesias can grow up to be about 3 feet across, and it weighs up to 9 KG! That's because it's the largest single flowers in the world.
|Different type of Rafflesia|
|Another type of Rafflesia|
|Gungnung Gading National Park|
|Rafflesia opening up|
Usually when we see flowers we check for the great aroma within it but unusually the Rafflesia smells like dead animals. By doing so this flower attracts all these flies to the plant and the flies then lay their eggs on the flower. The flower then takes those eggs and uses the eggs as pollen when it gets inside of it. Also normal flowers have stems, leaves, and roots, however unusual it may sound, the Rafflesia does not have any true roots, stems, or leaves.Rafflesias were founded in the Indonesian Rainforest by an Indonesian Guide. And this guide was working for Joseph Arnold in 1818. However that was not the first time it was discovered, it was discovered earlier by Louis Deschamps in Java (*Java is an island of Indonesia).
|Full grown Rafflesia with Rafflesia buds|
There is a reason why this plant is an endangered plant, and that is that this plant needs nearly perfect conditions for it to live and reproduce. But also Rafflesias are parasites which usually don't have leaves, stems, leaves, and they don't produce chlorophyll. Anyways these parasites attach to the Tetrastigma Vine (Grape Family). It is a long process for the plant to reproduce (about 1 year) and it only lives for about a few days and at the most 1 week. The Tetrastigma Vine is the only vine that can be affected by a parasite to make the Rafflesia. Rafflesias are angiosperms which means that they are flowering plants. Angiosperms go through the Sporophyte stage most of it's life, and then on to the Gametophyte stage. Rafflesia is usually used as traditional medicine and usually used to recover after childbirth.
“What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to one another.”
For more information on Rafflesia, please feel free to visit the following sites.